Stopping Car Repair Rip Offs
A good way to avoid an auto repair rip off is to be ready. To Know how your vehicles works and to identify common car problems is a start. Itâ€™s also important to know how to select a good auto repair mechanic, what kinds of repair questions to ask, and your consumer rights to recourse of action
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), the American Automobile Association (AAA), and the National Association of Attorneys General (NAAG), supply information about your automobiles that may help you keep auto repair mistakes to a minimum
AUTO REPAIR INFORMATION
How to Find Car Repair Facilities
Ask for recommendations from family, friends, and other people you trust. Look for an auto repair shop before you need one to avoid being rushed into a regretful decision
Shop by telephone for the best prices, and compare warranty policies on all repairs
Check for current licenses if state or local law requires repair shops to be licensed or registered. Also, your state Attorney Generalâ€™s office or local consumer protection agency will record of complaints about a particular repair shop so check before you take your car for repair
Make sure the auto repair shop will honor your vehicleâ€™s extended warranty if you have one
How to Choose a Qualified Certified Technician
Look for shops that display various certifications – like an Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) seal. Certification indicates that some or all of the technicians meet basic standards of knowledge and competence in specific technical areas. Make sure the certifications are current, but remember that certification alone is no guarantee of good or honest work
Ask if the technician or shop has experience working on the same make or model vehicle as yours
Repair Charges: Understanding the Meaning
Before you agree to have any work done, ask shop labor rate and the full price on parts and supplies. Most shops charge a flat hourly rate for labor time. This published rate is based on an independent or manufacturerâ€™s estimate of the time required to complete repairs
If you need complicated or expensive car repairs, or if you have any questions about recommended work, consider getting a second opinion from another vehicle repair facility
Most shops have a diagnostic charge if you decide to have the work performed elsewhere. If you decide to have the work done they usually will roll the charge into the repair
If you decide to get the work completed, ask for a full written estimate
What should a full written estimate include?
It should identify the condition to be repaired, the parts needed, and the anticipated labor charge. Make sure you get a signed copy
It should state that the shop will contact you for approval before they do any work exceeding a specified amount of time or money. State law may require this
You should know about the parts to be repaired or replaced?
Parts are classified as:
New – These parts generally are made to original manufacturerâ€™s specifications, either by the vehicle manufacturer or an independent company. Your state may require repair shops to tell you if non-original equipment will be used in the repair. Prices and quality of these parts vary
Rebuilt, remanufactured and reconditioned – These terms generally mean the same thing: parts have been restored to a sound working condition. Many manufacturers offer a warranty covering replacement parts, but not the labor to install them
Salvage – These are used parts taken from another vehicle without alteration. Salvage parts may be the only source for certain items, though their reliability is seldom guaranteed
What do I need after the work is done?
Get a completed repair order describing the work done. It should list each repair, parts supplied, the cost of each part, labor charges, and the vehicleâ€™s odometer reading when you brought the vehicle in as well as when the repair order was completed. Ask for all replaced parts. State law may require this.
What are the consequences of postponing maintenance?
Many parts on your vehicle are interrelated. Ignoring maintenance can lead to trouble: specific parts – or an entire system – can fail. Neglecting even simple routine maintenance, such as changing the oil or checking the coolant, can lead to poor fuel economy, unreliability, or costly breakdowns. It also may invalidate your warranty.
What maintenance guidelines should I follow to stay away from costly repairs?
Follow the manufacturerâ€™s maintenance schedule in your ownerâ€™s manual for your type of driving.
Some repair shops create their own maintenance schedules, which call for more frequent servicing than the manufacturerâ€™s recommendations. Compare all shop maintenance schedules with those recommended in your ownerâ€™s manual. Ask the repair shop to explain everything – and make sure you understand – why it recommends service beyond the recommended schedule.
What warranties and service contracts apply to vehicle repairs?
There is no â€œstandard warrantyâ€ on repairs. Make sure you understand what is covered under your warranty and get it in writing.
Be aware that warranties may be subject to limitations, including time, mileage, deductibles, businesses authorized to perform warranty work or special procedures required to obtain reimbursement.
Check with the Federal Trade Commission or your state or local consumer protection agency for information about your warranty rights.
Many vehicle dealers and others sell optional contracts, service contracts -issued by vehicle manufacturers or independent companies. Not all service contracts are the same; prices vary and usually are negotiable. To help decide whether to purchase a service contract, consider:
The repairs to be covered.
Whether coverage overlaps coverage provided by any other warranty.
Where the repairs are to be performed.
Procedures required to file a claim, such as prior authorization for specific repairs or meeting required vehicle maintenance schedules.
Whether repair costs are paid directly by the company to the repair shop or whether you will have to pay first and get reimbursed.
The reputation of the service contract company. Check it out with your state Attorney Generalâ€™s office or local consumer protection agency.
How do I resolve a dispute regarding my billing, quality of repairs or warranties?
Document all transactions as well as your experiences with dates, times, expenses, and the names of people you dealt with.
Talk to the shop manager or owner first. If that doesnâ€™t work, contact your Attorney General or local consumer protection agency for help. These offices may have information on alternative dispute resolution programs in your community. Another option is to file a claim in small claims court. You donâ€™t need an attorney to do this.
HEADING OFF BIG PROBLEMS
The more you know about your vehicle, the more likely youâ€™ll be able to head off repair problems. You can detect many common vehicle problems by using your senses: eyeballing the area around your vehicle, listening for strange noises, sensing a difference in the way your vehicle handles, or even noticing unusual and bad odors.
Looks Like Trouble
Small stains or an occasional drop of fluid under your vehicle may not mean much. But wet spots deserve attention; check puddles immediately.
You can identify fluids by their color and consistency:
Yellowish greenish, light blue or glowing orange colors indicate an engine that overheated or a coolant leak caused by a bad hose, water pump or leaking radiator.
A dark brown or black oily fluid means the engine is leaking oil. A bad seal or gasket could cause the leak.
A red or clear oily spot indicates a transmission or power-steering fluid leak.
A puddle of clear water usually is no problem. It may be normal condensation from your vehicleâ€™s air conditioner.
Smells Like Trouble
Some problems are under your nose. You can detect them by their odor:
The smell of burned toast – a light, sharp odor – often signals an electrical short and burning insulation. To be safe, try not to drive the vehicle until the problem is diagnosed.
The smell of rotten eggs – a continuous burning-sulfur smell – usually indicates a problem in the catalytic converter or other emission control devices. Donâ€™t delay diagnosis and repair.
A thick acrid odor usually means burning oil. Look for sign of a leak.
The smell of gasoline vapors after a failed start may mean you have flooded the engine. Wait a few minutes before trying again. If the odor persists, chances are thereâ€™s a leak in the fuel system – a potentially dangerous problem that needs immediate attention.
Burning resin or an acrid chemical odor may signal overheated brakes or clutch. Check the parking brake. Stop. Allow the brakes to cool after repeated hard braking on mountain roads. Light smoke coming from a wheel indicates a stuck brake. The vehicle should be towed for repair.
A steamy, sweet odor indicates a coolant leak. Drive carefully to the nearest service station, keeping an eye on your gauges. If the odor is accompanied by a hot, metallic scent and steam from under the hood, your engine has overheated. Pull over immediately. Continued driving could cause severe engine damage. The vehicle should be towed for repair.
Sounds Like Trouble
Squeaks, squeals, rattles, rumbles, and other sounds provide valuable clues about problems and maintenance needs. Here are some common noises and what they mean:
Squeal – A shrill, sharp noise, usually related to engine speed:
Loose or worn power steering, fan or air conditioning belt.
Click – A slight sharp noise, related to either engine speed or vehicle speed:
Loose wheel cover.
Loose or bent fan blade.
Stuck valve lifter or low engine oil.
Screech – A high-pitched, piercing metallic sound; usually occurs while the vehicle is in motion:
Caused by brake wear indicators to let you know itâ€™s time for maintenance.
Rumble – a low-pitched rhythmic sound.
Defective exhaust pipe, converter or muffler.
Worn universal joint or other drive-line component.
Ping – A high-pitched metallic tapping sound, related to engine speed:
Usually caused by using gas with a lower octane rating than recommended. Check your ownerâ€™s manual for the proper octane rating. If the problem persists, engine ignition timing could be at fault.
Heavy Knock – A rhythmic pounding sound:
Worn crankshaft or connecting rod bearings.
Loose transmission torque converter.
Clunk – A random thumping sound:
Loose shock absorber or other suspension component.
Loose exhaust pipe or muffler.
Feels Like Trouble
Difficult handling, a rough ride, vibration and poor performance are symptoms you can feel. They almost always indicate a problem.
Misaligned front wheels and/or worn steering components, such as the idler or ball joint, can cause wandering or difficulty steering in a straight line.
Pulling – the vehicleâ€™s tendency to steer to the left or right – can be caused by something as routine as under-inflated tires, or as serious as a damaged or misaligned front end.
Ride and Handling
Worn shock absorbers or other suspension components – or improper tire inflation – can contribute to poor cornering.
While there is no hard and fast rule about when to replace shock absorbers or struts, try this test: bounce the vehicle up and down hard at each wheel and then let go. See how many times the vehicle bounces. Weak shocks will allow the vehicle to bounce twice or more.
Springs do not normally wear out and do not need replacement unless one corner of the vehicle is lower than the others. Overloading your vehicle can damage the springs.
Balance tires properly. An unbalanced or improperly balanced tire causes a vehicle to vibrate and may wear steering and suspension components prematurely.
Brake problems have several symptoms. Schedule diagnosis and repair if:
The vehicle pulls to one side when the brakes are applied.
The brake pedal sinks to the floor when pressure is maintained.
You hear or feel scraping or grinding during braking.
The â€œbrakeâ€ light on the instrument panel is lit.
The following symptoms indicate engine trouble. Get a diagnosis and schedule the repair.
Difficulty starting the engine.
The â€œcheck engineâ€ light on the instrument panel is lit.
Rough idling or stalling.
Poor fuel economy.
Excessive oil use (more than one quart between changes).
Engine continues running after the key is removed.
Poor transmission performance may come from actual component failure or a simple disconnected hose or plugged filter. Make sure the technician checks the simple items first; transmission repairs normally are expensive. Some of the most common symptoms of transmission problems are:
Abrupt or hard shifts between gears.
Delayed or no response when shifting from neutral to drive or reverse.
Failure to shift during normal acceleration.
Slippage during acceleration. The engine speeds up, but the vehicle does not respond.
Car trouble doesnâ€™t always mean major repairs. Here are some common causes of trouble and techniques to help you and your technician find and fix problems:
Alternator – Loose wiring can make your alternator appear defective. Your technician should check for loose connections and perform an output test before replacing the alternator.
Battery – Corroded or loose battery terminals can make the battery appear dead or defective. Your technician should clean the terminals and test battery function before replacing the battery.
Starter – What appears to be a defective starter actually may be a dead battery or poor connection. Ask your technician to check all connections and test the battery before repairing the starter.
Muffler – a loud rumbling noise under your vehicle indicates a need for a new muffler or exhaust pipe.
Tuneup – The old-fashioned â€œtuneupâ€ may not be relevant to your vehicle. Fewer parts, other than belts, spark plugs, hoses and filters, need to be replaced on newer vehicles. Follow the recommendations in your ownerâ€™s manual.
Auto repair is the number one service fraud in the country, so protect yourself and for more information, contact:
Federal Trade Commission
Consumer Response Center
Washington, DC 20580
The main office of your local American Automobile Association (AAA) motor club, listed under AAA in the telephone directory.
Your state Attorney General
Office of Consumer Protection
Your state capital
Many Attorneys General have toll-free consumer hotlines. Check with your local directory assistance.
GET AN ONLINE CAR REPAIR MANUAL – Get instant access to your vehicles wiring diagrams, firing orders, component locater, vacuum diagrams, repair procedures, specific testing and diagnostics for trouble shooting, steering and suspension information, heating and air-conditioning problems, safety belt and airbag restraint repair, factory bulletins and general information and much more. We recommend that anyone needing technical repair information should have a quality auto repair manual for their car
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